In the area of multi-scale modeling of manufacturing processes: (a) Models for understanding the mechanisms of forming and joining of lightweight materials. This new understanding enables the development of advanced processes which remove limitations of current state-of-the-art capabilities that exhibit limited formability of high strength lightweight alloys, and limited reproducibility of joining quality; (b) Innovative multi-scale finite element models for ultrasonic welding of battery tabs (resulting in models adopted by GM for designing and manufacturing batteries for the Chevy Volt), and multi-scale models for ultrasonic welding of short carbon fiber composites (resulting in models adopted by GM for designing and manufacturing assemblies made of carbon fiber composites with metallic parts); (c) Data-driven algorithms of prediction geometrical and microstructural integrity of the incremental formed parts. Machine learning is used for developing fast and robust methods to be integrated into the designing process and replace finite element simulations.
Albert S. Berahas is an Assistant Professor in the department of Industrial & Operations Engineering. His research broadly focuses on designing, developing and analyzing algorithms for solving large scale nonlinear optimization problems. Such problems are ubiquitous, and arise in a plethora of areas such as engineering design, economics, transportation, robotics, machine learning and statistics. Specifically, he is interested in and has explored several sub-fields of nonlinear optimization such as: (i) general nonlinear optimization algorithms, (ii) optimization algorithms for machine learning, (iii) constrained optimization, (iv) stochastic optimization, (v) derivative-free optimization, and (vi) distributed optimization.
I am an assistant professor in Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering (IMSE) at the University of Michigan-Dearborn. Prior to joining UM-Dearborn, I was a research assistant professor and postdoctoral research scholar at Vanderbilt University. My research areas of interest are uncertainty quantification, Bayesian data analytics, big data analytics, machine learning, optimization under uncertainty, and applications of data analytics and machine learning in aerospace, mechanical and manufacturing systems, and material science. The goal of my research is to develop novel computational methods to design sustainable and reliable engineering systems by leveraging the rich information contained in the high-fidelity computational simulation models, experimental data, and big operational data and historical data.
Efficient, low regret contextual multi-armed bandit approaches for real time learning including Thompson sampling, UCB, and knowledge gradient descent. Integration of optimization and predictive analytics for determining the time to next measurement, which modality to use, and the optimal control of risk factors to manage chronic disease. Integration of soft voting ensemble classifiers and multiple models Kalman filters for disease state prediction, Real-time (online) contextual multi-armed bandits integrated with optimization of hospital bed type dynamic control decisions for reducing 30-day readmission rates in hospitals. Robustness in system optimization when the system model is uncertain with emphasis on quantile regression forests, sample average approximation, robust optimization and distributionally robust optimization. Health care delivery systems models with prediction and control for inpatient and outpatient. Work has been done on Emergency Department redesign for improved patient flow; Capacity management and planning and scheduling for outpatient care, including integrated services networks; admission control with machine learning to ICUs, stepdown, and regular care units Surgical planning and scheduling for access delay control; Planning and scheduling for Clinical Research Units.
My research interests are to improve safety associated with motor-vehicle transportation by addressing both active safety (increased crash avoidance) and passive safety (increased crash protection) issues through the development and application of a wide range of research methodologies. These methodologies are targeted at developing a better understanding and modeling of driver behavior, including physical and cognitive attributes, driver decision-making processes and human intention prediction. I am currently interested in applying data science to study the following topics:
*Driver state detection and prediction;
*Improve user intersection with automated vehicle technologies;
*Communication and interaction between vehicle and vulnerable road users
*Driving style classification
*Human factors issues associated with connected and automated vehicle technologies
My research broadly focuses on developing data analytics and decision-making methodologies specifically tailored for Internet of Things (IoT) enabled smart and connected products/systems. I envision that most (if not all) engineering systems will eventually become connected systems in the future. Therefore, my key focus is on developing next-generation data analytics, machine learning, individualized informatics and graphical and network modeling tools to truly realize the competitive advantages that are promised by smart and connected products/systems.
My research interests are in developing inter-disciplinary knowledge in System Informatics, as the basis for study of complex system problems with the fusion of theory, computation, and application components adopted from Systems and Informatics fields. In this framework, a complex system such as the supply chain is posited as a System-of-Systems; i.e., a collection of individual business entities organized as a composite system with their resources and capabilities pooled to obtain an interoperable and synergistic system, possessing common and shared goals and objectives. Informatics facilitates coordination and integration in the system by processing and sharing information among supply chain entities for improved decision-making.
A common theme of my research is the basic foundation of universality of system and the realization that what makes it unique is its environment. This has enabled to categorize problems, designs, models, methodologies, and solution techniques at macro and micro levels and develop innovative solutions by coordinating these levels in an integrated environment.
My goal is to study the efficacy of the body of knowledge available in Systems Theory, Information Science, Artificial Intelligence & Knowledge Management, Management Science, Industrial Engineering and Operations Research fields; applied uniquely to issues and problems of complex systems in the manufacturing and service sectors.
Theoretical work investigated by me in this research thrust relates to:
- Developing Generalized System Taxonomies and Ontologies for complex systems management.
- Experimenting with Problem Taxonomies for design and modeling efficiencies in complex system networks.
- Developing methodologies, frameworks and reference models for complex systems management.
- Computation and application development focused on developing algorithms and software development for:
- Supply chain information system and knowledge library using Web-based technology as a dissemination tool.
- Integration with Enterprise Resource Planning modules in SAP software.
- Supply chain management problem-solving through application of problem specific simulation and optimization.
My research has extended to application domains in healthcare, textiles, automotive, and defense sectors. Problems and issues addressed relate to health care management, operationalizing of sustainability, energy conservation, global logistics management, mega-disaster recovery, humanitarian needs management, and entrepreneurship management.
Currently, my application focus is on expanding the breadth and depth of inquiry in the healthcare domain. Among the topics being investigated are: (1) the organization and structure of health care enterprises; and (2) operations and strategies that relate to management of critical success factors, such as costs, quality, innovation and technology adoption by health care providers. Two significant topics that I have chosen to study with regard to care for elderly patients suffering from chronic congestive heart failure and hypertension are: (1) the design of patient-centered health care delivery to improve quality of care; and (2) managing enhanced care costs due to readmission of these patients.
Data science applications: Real-time data processing in supply chains, Knowledge portals for decision-making in supply chains, information sharing for optimizing patient-centered healthcare delivery
My research is on the design of efficient (approximation) algorithms for combinatorial optimization problems. I work on deterministic optimization models, as well as richer models that handle uncertainty in data: stochastic, robust and online optimization. I am also interested in algorithms for scheduling and energy-efficiency in data centers.
Judy Jin, PhD, is Professor of Industrial and Operations Engineering in the College of Engineering at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
Prof. Jin’s research focuses on the development of new data fusion methodologies for improving system operation and quality with the emphasis on fusion of data and engineering knowledge collected from disparate sources by integrating multidisciplinary methods. Her research has been widely applied in both manufacturing and service industry by providing techniques for knowledge discovery and risk-informed decision making. Key research issues are being pursued:
- Advanced quality control methodologies for system monitoring, diagnosis and control with temporally and spatially dense operational/sensing data.
- Multi-scale data transform and high order tensor data analysis for modeling, analysis, classification, and making inferences of multistream sensing signals.
- Optimal sensor distribution and hierarchical variable selection methods for system abnormal detection and sensor fusion decisions, which integrates the causal probability network model, statistical change detection, set-covering algorithm, and hierarchical lasso regression.
- A unified approach for variation reduction in multistage manufacturing processes (MMPs) using a state space model, which blend the control theory with advanced statistics for MMPs sensing, monitoring, diagnosis and control, integrative design of process tolerance and maintenance policy considering the interaction between product quality and tool reliability.
Data science applications: (a) Smart manufacturing with sensor fusion, process monitoring, diagnosis and control (e.g., metal forming including stamping, forging, casting and rolling), assembly, ultrasonic welding, photovoltaic thin film deposition. (b) Travel time estimation and traffic prediction for intelligent transportation systems. (c) Multi-stream data analysis of human motion/vehicle crash testing data for improving vehicle design and safety. (d) Risk informed decision support for healthcare and clinical decisions. (e) Customer behavior modeling for fraud detection in healthcare and telecommunication. (f) Human decision-making behavior modeling in a dynamic/emergency environment.
My research interests are in data-driven sequential decision making and optimization under uncertainty with applications to medicine. I have a cross-appointment in the School of Medicine and I am a member of the Cancer Center and the Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation (IHPI) at University of Michigan. My current research projects are investigating new ways to use longitudinal data to improve decisions related to the using of biomarkers, imaging, and medication for early detection of cancer and prevention of cardiovascular disease.