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Deep learning in pharmacogenomics: from gene regulation to patient stratification

By May 21, 2018News, Research

MIDAS-affiliated researchers recently published a review of current and future applications of deep learning in pharmacogenomics.

Title: Deep learning in pharmacogenomics: from gene regulation to patient stratification
Published in: Pharmacogenomics, April 2018
DOI: 10.2217/pgs-2018-0008
Authors: Alexandr A. Kalinin, Gerald A. Higgins, Narathip Reamaroon, S. M. Reza Soroushmehr, Ari Allyn-Feuer, Ivo D. Dinov, Kayvan Najarian, Brian D. Athey, Alexandr A Kalinin, Gerald A Higgins, Sayedmohammadreza Soroushmehr, Ivo D Dinov, Brian D Athey
Abstract: This Perspective provides examples of current and future applications of deep learning in pharmacogenomics, including: identification of novel regulatory variants located in noncoding domains of the genome and their function as applied to pharmacoepigenomics; patient stratification from medical records; and the mechanistic prediction of drug response, targets and their interactions. Deep learning encapsulates a family of machine learning algorithms that has transformed many important subfields of artificial intelligence over the last decade, and has demonstrated breakthrough performance improvements on a wide range of tasks in biomedicine. We anticipate that in the future, deep learning will be widely used to predict personalized drug response and optimize medication selection and dosing, using knowledge extracted from large and complex molecular, epidemiological, clinical and demographic datasets.